Premature Ejaculation: Causes and Symptoms?

Ever felt insecure about the difficulty of ejaculating too quickly during sexual intercourse? Is your unsatisfactory sex life creating problems in your relationship with your spouse?

It is pretty common to experience a rapid or early ejaculation once in a while?. Yes, but when the problem becomes consistent in nature, then it can be cause for concern. One should book an appointment with a urologist to get a proper medical diagnosis of the problem faced.

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What Is Premature Ejaculation?

Premature ejaculation is medically defined as a type of sexual dysfunction in which ejaculations happens during intercourse sooner or earlier than a man or his partner would like. In other words, it is the ejaculation of semen during sexual intercourse before or immediately after penetration.

According to American Urological Association, premature ejaculation is the most common type of sexual dysfunction that is diagnosed among men. About one in five men who are between the ages of 18 and 59 have reported incidences of premature ejaculation.

Unlike erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation does not prove to be harmful and can be treated by getting proper treatment. Premature ejaculation can lead to complications like relationship difficulty and lead to infertility issues.

What Are the Symptoms of Premature Ejaculation?

The medical complications of premature ejaculation can be acquired or lifelong depending upon various factors. The symptoms may vary from person to person, depending upon the severity of individual cases.

The most apparent symptom of premature ejaculation is developing a certain inability to delay ejaculation for a time frame of more than one to three minutes. Other common symptoms of sexual dysfunction are as follows.

  • Ejaculating before within one minute of penetration or before.
  • Experiencing persistent and recurrent episodes of early ejaculation
  • Not getting intimate with a spouse due to the problem of premature ejaculation
  • Facing performance anxiety and stress while having a sexual intercourse

Such symptoms can significantly hamper an individual’s sex life and cause relationships issues. If the sexual dysfunction is triggered due to psychological issues, then one should consult a mental health expert like a psychologist or psychiatrist.

What Is the Cause of Early Ejaculation?

The research is still ongoing to know the exact cause behind the occurrence of sexual dysfunction like premature ejaculation in men. Though the presence of genetic linkage does occur in such disorders, majorly physical and psychological factors contribute to its occurrence.

Getting a proper medical diagnosis can help find premature ejaculation causes. Some of the early ejaculation causes are as follows.

Age Factor:

As a man grows older in age, the risk of getting numerous diseases also increases; one of those illnesses is erectile dysfunction.

Though not every man will face erectile difficulty with advancement in age, the risk of developing problems in getting an erection and ejaculation does increase as one grows older. Though age is not the most significant premature ejaculation cause.

Getting diagnosed with erectile dysfunction does put an individual at risk to face difficulty in ejaculation as well.

Psychological causes:

Sexual dysfunctions like premature ejaculation causes can be psychological in nature like chronic stress, performance anxiety, depression or other mental health disorders.

It is of vital importance to consult a mental health expert for a proper diagnosis if premature ejaculation occurs due to such psychological causes. Such mental issues can make it hard for a man to get intimate with a spouse due to reduced sex drive.

A mental health professional may recommend getting behavioral therapy, support group, or couples counseling done to treat such cases of premature ejaculation.

Also Read: Erectile Dysfunction Treatment- Other Than Just ED Pills

Change in hormones:

Ejaculation occurs with the help of neurotransmitters in the brain like serotonin, dopamine, and Norepinephrine that help create the necessary sex drive, which results in an erection.

Changes in certain hormones can affect a man’s natural sex drive and lead to difficulties getting intimate with a spouse.

It is estimated that changes in hormones like Luteinizing, prolactin, thyroid-stimulating hormone, and testosterone which do play some role in the sexual function of the body, can also lead to premature ejaculation.

Sexual Dysfunctions:

A person who has the medical complication of erectile dysfunction is more prone to get premature ejaculation as compared to a healthy man.

Erectile dysfunction is medically defined as the certain inability to get an erection that is firm enough for sexual intercourse to occur. Premature ejaculation causes can also develop due to a repetitive pattern of rushing to ejaculate mainly because of stress and performance anxiety.

Genetic Linkage:

If a family member gets diagnosed with sexual dysfunction like premature ejaculation or erectile dysfunction, the chances are that the future generation would inherit the same disorder.

Though the research on the genetic linkage in sexual dysfunction is limited there have been a number of studies that suggest the influence of genes in developing a sexual dysfunction like premature ejaculation.


 Many men hesitate to get treated for sexual dysfunction like premature ejaculation and erectile dysfunction due to the stigma that has been attached to men’s sexual health. It should be known not getting treated for such dysfunctions can lead to complications like unsatisfactory sex life, relationship problems, and mental health issues. Knowing what premature ejaculation causes can help an individual figure out what triggers the symptoms of such sexual dysfunction.

Premature ejaculation is a manageable health complication that can be treated by taking medication like Testosterone Gel(Cernos), and Testosterone Capsules(Cernos Soft Gelatin). Trying to live a healthy lifestyle by eating the right food and working can also help in dealing with such medical complications. 

However, one should never try to self-medicate the symptoms of premature ejaculation. Consult a medical professional before taking any medication or undergoing any medical procedure. Getting the right treatment for premature ejaculation in time can significantly improve the quality of life for an individual.

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Elham Hooshang

Elham Hooshang is the senior writer for the men’s health edition at Before joining our writer’s panel, she worked as a primary care provider in Atlanta. Trained in routine obstetrics, Elham still practices maternity care in her home state and brings her expertise to the information that we provide to our readers.