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A Guide to Glaucoma Treatment Options

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Written by- Gina Walters

Glaucoma is an eye disease that may cause vision loss and problems if left untreated.

Fortunately, Glaucoma treatment options include medicine, laser therapy, and surgery.

Understanding Glaucoma treatment options is important to maintain your vision and eye health. 

Let us explore various glaucoma treatment options in detail that may help manage the condition.

Glaucoma treatment options

Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions caused due to high eye pressure (Intaocular pressure).

The condition may lead to vision problems and Glaucoma blindness by damaging the optic nerve.

As discussed, the Glaucoma treatment options include medications, laser therapy, and surgery. 

Glaucoma treatment depends on the type of Glaucoma, the Glaucoma causes, and the severity of the condition. 

Consult a doctor for a Glaucoma test, as it may help detect Glaucoma in the early stages and better manage the condition.

However, let us discuss the treatment options in detail.

Glaucoma medicine

Doctors can prescribe Glaucoma eye drops or oral medications to help lower Intraocular Pressure (IOP). 

The prescription for Glaucoma eye drops include Beta-blockers, Prostaglandins like Bimatoprost, and more. 

These eye drops help reduce the excess fluid pressure in the eye or increase its drainage. 

However, doctors may also prescribe oral medicines if eye drops fail to control the eye pressure level.

The Glaucoma oral medicines normally include Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors, which help reduce eye fluid production.

Always be consistent with your medication and follow the doctor’s instructions for successful Glaucoma management.

Want to know which Glaucoma medicine to avoid? Read our article: Glaucoma Medications to Avoid: What You Need to Know

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Laser Therapy

Laser eye surgerySource: bojanstory_from_Getty_Images
Laser eye surgery

Doctors may recommend laser therapy when medications fail to control IOP. 

Laser therapy uses a high-energy laser to help open drainage channels in the eye.

The treatment allows the stored or excess eye liquid to flow more freely. 

Laser therapy treatment includes Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty and Laser Peripheral Iridotomy.

The procedure is usually painless and is done while the patient is awake. However, the doctor may still recommend eye drops after laser treatment.

Use prescribed eye drops and protect your eyes from dust after laser treatment and surgery.


Surgery may be a good option for people to help with Glaucoma when medications and laser therapy are ineffective.

The common surgical procedures include Trabeculectomy and Glaucoma Implant Surgery.

Trabeculectomy involves creating a small opening in the top of your eye. 

The opening will act as a new drainage channel and help lower eye pressure by draining the excess eye fluid.

On the other hand, Glaucoma Implant Surgery involves putting a small tube into the white part of your eye. 

The tube will help drain extra fluid and lower your eye pressure.

After the surgery, one may notice light discomfort, red eyes, and blurred vision. 

Be consistent with after-surgery care and strictly follow the doctor’s advice. 

Avoid swimming or getting water in your eyes after surgery without your doctor’s permission.

How to prevent Glaucoma

Balanced DietSource: FatCamera_from_Getty_Images
Balanced diet (helps to reduce the blood pressure and risk of Glaucoma)

Some factors can also put a person at high risk of Glaucoma. The high-risk factors include age, genetics, and medical conditions like Diabetes.

Therefore, it is important to be careful and follow healthy lifestyle habits to help prevent Glaucoma. 

Some lifestyle changes that may help manage or prevent Glaucoma are:

  • Consume a balanced diet rich in vegetables, fish, and whole grains to help reduce blood pressure and the risk of Glaucoma. 
  • Do not smoke, as smoking may increase one’s risk of Glaucoma.
  • One should also not consume excessive caffeine and alcohol as it may increase intraocular pressure temporarily.
  • Always wear protective eyewear during sports, construction work, or other eye-risking activities.
  • Control high-risk Glaucoma medical conditions like Diabetes and high blood pressure

Be consistent with your regular eye tests and always follow up with your doctor to diagnose Glaucoma or monitor its growth. 

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Key takeaways

Glaucoma is an eye condition that may cause vision problems by damaging the optic nerve.

However, Glaucoma treatment options like medicine, laser therapy, and surgery may help manage the problem. 

Glaucoma medicines include eye drops and oral medicines that may help with high eye fluid pressure.

On the other hand, doctors may prescribe laser therapy and surgery when the medicines are not effective. 

One should follow healthy lifestyle habits like no smoking, using eye protection, and more to help prevent Glaucoma. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Can Glaucoma be cured?

Yes, treatments like medicine, laser therapy, and surgery may help treat Glaucoma. Medicines like Bimatoprost are FDA-approved to help the problem.

The treatment options help lower high eye fluid pressure and avoid more vision loss. It is important to have regular eye tests to detect Glaucoma early and proper treatment.

Does weed help Glaucoma?

No, one should not use weed and marijuana for Glaucoma. Weed may reduce eye fluid pressure temporarily. However, using weed for a long time may cause serious side effects. 

There are many FDA-approved treatment options available to help with Glaucoma. Consult your doctor for an effective treatment plan.

What is the most common Glaucoma treatment?

Glaucoma eye drops are the most common treatment for the condition. The eye drops help protect the optic nerve by lowering the eye pressure. These eye drops manage Glaucoma and help prevent it from getting worse.

Is Glaucoma surgery painful?

No, Glaucoma surgery is not painful, as it is normally performed under local anesthesia. Some patients may experience slight discomfort or pain after the surgery. However, the doctors will prescribe pain medications for it.

Can I use herbal supplements for Glaucoma?

No, one should not use herbal supplements for Glaucoma, as there is limited study on the effectiveness and safety of such supplements. Consult a doctor for proper Glaucoma tests and treatment. 

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