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Migraine Eye Pain: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment Options

Gina Walters


migraine eye pain

A Migraine is a type of headache which causes severe pain often on one side of the head. 

Individuals may experience Migraine eye pain along with symptoms like nausea and visual disturbances. 

Migraine pain behind the eyes may seriously hamper comfort and require medical attention.

This article will detail the symptoms, causes, and treatment of Migraine eye pain. 

The connection between Migraine and eye pain

Migraines are complex neurological conditions that can manifest in many ways.

The discomfort may extend beyond headaches, causing eye pain in some individuals.

This eye pain is a result of the dilation and constriction of blood vessels in the brain that occurs during a Migraine.

The brain’s trigeminovascular system is activated during a Migraine. 

In this system, the brain’s primary pain-signaling channel induces inflammation, which in turn generates headaches.

There are four stages to this condition: a prodrome, an aura, a headache, and a postdrome. 

The pain might last for hours or even days, depending on the severity of the condition. 

Trigeminovascular system regulates pain perception, contributing to headache and migraine pathophysiology.

Symptoms of Migraine eye pain

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Woman suffering from migraine eye pain

Migraine eye pain often leads to intense headaches focused around one or both eyes.

Some individuals also experience visual disturbances like auras and nausea.

Research explains that flashing, bright lines, or a blind area in one’s field of vision might be symptoms of the aura stage of Migraines.

Such symptoms may lead to sensitivity to light or photophobia, which can cause Migraine pain behind the eyes. 

A persistent daily headache with symptoms may evolve into chronic Migraines if left untreated. 

Recognizing these symptoms for early diagnosis and accurate treatment is important.

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What causes Migraine eye pain

Genetics is one of the primary factors among the various causes of Migraine eye pain. 

Along with eye pain, Migraines are also caused by the Autonomic and Trigeminal nervous systems.

These brain processes can impact blood vessels, causing symptoms related to the eyes.

Hormonal fluctuations, stress, and anxiety are more that might result in Migraines with eye pain.

Coffee contains caffeine, which may affect blood vessels and aggravate headaches, especially Migraines. 

To lower the chance of Migraine attacks, it’s essential to control these variables and lead a healthy lifestyle.

Want to know what causes eye pain in detail? Read Common Causes of Eye Pain: All You Need to Know

Always consult with a doctor for personalized advice on Migraine treatments. Using over-the-counter medications may lead to medication-overuse headaches.

Treatments available for Migraine with pain behind the eyes

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Treatment options for Migraines with pain behind the eyes encompass a multifaceted approach.

Your doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory medications like NSAIDs to reduce eye pain due to Migraine. 

Changes in lifestyle such as stress management and adequate sleep, can also help treat Migraine eye pain. 

A study states that reducing alcohol consumption, smoking, and obesity may also help manage Migraine eye discomfort symptoms.

It is important to consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and tailored treatment for Migraine eye pain. 

Apart from medical treatments, yoga and acupressure are also beneficial for Migraine with eye pain. 

If you want to learn more about eye pain treatment, Read Understanding Treatment for Eye Pain: Prescription for Comfort

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Summing up

Migraine eye pain is a serious condition as it affects daily routine in one’s life. 

Understanding the symptoms and causes of Migraine eye pain is essential for early diagnosis of the condition. 

Some of the symptoms of Migraine eye pain are visual disturbances, nausea, intense headache, and sensitivity to light. 

Genetics and the nervous system are the primary causes of Migraine pain behind the eyes.

In some individuals, psychological factors such as stress and anxiety can also lead to Migraine with eye pain. 

Doctors usually prescribe anti-inflammatory medications such as NSAIDs to relieve symptoms. 

Lifestyle changes such as getting adequate sleep and reducing consumption of alcohol and smoking can also be beneficial. 

Early diagnosis and proper management of the condition are essential to avoid risks and side effects. 

Frequently Asked Questions

How to relieve Migraine eye pain?

To relieve Migraine eye pain, one can consider resting in a dark, quiet room. 
Applying a cold or warm compress and practicing relaxation techniques are additional strategies. 
Taking prescribed medications is another option; consult a healthcare professional for personalized advice.

Why does my Migraine hurt behind my back?

Migraine pain behind the eyes or at the back of the head can be attributed to the involvement of the occipital nerves. 
These nerves transmit pain signals, and their activation during a Migraine can lead to discomfort in the back of the head.

Does Migraine cause eye pain?

Yes, Migraines can cause eye pain. During a Migraine attack, individuals may experience a throbbing or pulsating pain around the eyes. 
Sensitivity to light and visual disturbances are also common Migraine symptoms.

When should I seek medical attention for Migraine eye pain?

If Migraine eye pain is severe, persistent, or accompanied by vision changes, nausea, or neurological symptoms, seek immediate medical attention.

How long does Migraine eye pain usually last?

Although the severity of Migraine eye pain varies, it typically lasts between five and 60 minutes. However, if the headache is left untreated, it could last for four to 72 hours.

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