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A Comprehensive Guide On What Causes Bags Under Eyes? 

Gina Walters



Bags under the eyes is a common eye condition that might show up as little puffiness or swelling in the skin under the eyes.

The underlying cause of bags under the eyes might vary from person to person.

Several factors, including age, heredity, fluid retention, and lack of sleep, can contribute to bags under the eyes.

However, in most cases, taking care of your skin, making minor adjustments to your lifestyle, and getting medical help may help overcome bags under the eyes.

This article will look into what causes bags under eyes and ways to get rid of them.

What causes bags under eyes

Bags under eyes can result from several factors, such as lack of sleep, aging, eye allergies, smoking, fluid retention, genetics, and medical conditions like Dermatitis and kidney disease.

It is the puffiness or swelling in the area under the eyes.

The skin surrounding the eyes is thin and sensitive, making it prone to changes, leading to the formation of bags.

The condition is more common in aged people.

Want to know about ways to treat bags under the eyes? Read our article: Refresh Your Look with Effective Bags Under Eyes Treatment Options to explore different treatment methods for bags under the eyes.

Sleep deprivation

The appearance of bags beneath the eyes can be linked to either prolonged exhaustion or insufficient sleep

Sleep deprivation can lead to the dilation of the blood vessels, resulting in puffy eyes.

Lack of sleep can deteriorate the muscles of your eyes, which may also contribute to bags under your eyes.

Consult a dermatologist or other healthcare provider if you’re worried about the bags under your eyes. They can provide you with individualized guidance and suitable treatment alternatives.


As we age, our body tends to lose collagen and elastin fibers. 

The resulting volume loss allows more room for the fat deposits behind the eyes.

As a result, they shift away from their predetermined positions, producing a hollowed appearance and giving the impression of under-eye bags.

Eye Allergies

Red eyeSource: Pixelshot
Woman suffering from eye allergy

Allergic responses, such as Hay fever or allergies to specific cosmetics, can result in fluid accumulation in your sinuses and around your eyes.

This may lead to swelling and puffiness around the eyes, giving the appearance of bags under the eyes.

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Smoking may speed up the aging process and exacerbate the loss of elastin and collagen, which can result in drooping skin and bags under the eyes.

It can also reduce blood circulation and can lead to dehydration and inflammation.

All of this can cause the formation of bags under the eyes.

Fluid retention

Excessive fluid retention around the eyes can lead to the development of bags under the eyes.

Several factors, such as hormonal fluctuations, dehydration, and excessive salt consumption, can result in the buildup of fluid around the eyes.

This, in turn, causes bags under the eyes.


Genetics could also be a leading factor in the formation of bags under your eyes, especially as you get older and the tissues behind your eyes begin to deteriorate.

It can run in families, and some people may be genetically susceptible to getting bags under their eyes.

Medical issues

Eye allergySource: Andrei310_from_GettyImages
A closeup of a puffy eye

Certain health issues, such as Dermatitis and kidney problems, can also lead to bags under your eyes.

Eyelid Dermatitis can cause itchy, puffy, or irritated eyes.

Usually, eye allergies or sensitivities to chemicals, perfumes, or preservatives lead to Eyelid Dermatitis.

Also, bags under the eyes could be the result of kidney issues.

Instead of retaining the protein in the body, your kidneys may be releasing a significant quantity of it into the urine.

This, in turn, may result in the bags under your eyes.

Ways to overcome bags under the eyes

Bags under the eyes usually don’t require any medical treatment.

However, if any allergy is causing bags under the eyes, then your doctor may prescribe anti-allergic medicines to treat the condition.

In most cases, the following remedies and lifestyle changes can help get rid of the bags under the eyes:

  • Having adequate sleep
  • Limiting salt intake
  • Avoiding allergens
  • Drinking plenty of water
  • Applying cold compresses to your eyes
  • Keeping your head elevated while sleeping
  • Quitting smoking
  • Taking a healthy diet rich in fruits and green vegetables
  • Protecting your eyes with appropriate eye gear while going out
Bags under the eyes could be the result of medical conditions like kidney disease and Dermatitis.

Bags under eyes can be treated at home effectively. Read our article: 5 Effective Home Remedies for Bags Under Eyes to know more.


Most people wonder what causes bags under eyes.

The causative factors for bags under the eyes vary among individuals.

These may include lack of sleep, aging, allergies, smoking, fluid retention, genetics, and medical conditions like Dermatitis and kidney disease.

Bags under the eyes are not a serious eye issue and can be overcome with lifestyle changes and home remedies.

However, if the condition persists, consult an eye specialist immediately.

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Frequently Asked Questions

How do you get bags under your eyes?

Bags under the eyes could result from sleep deprivation, aging, allergies, smoking, fluid retention, genetics, and medical conditions like Dermatitis and kidney disease.

What deficiency causes bags under your eyes?

Vitamin B12 helps in getting rid of retained fluid from the body. 
Hence, a lack of Vitamin B12 is found to be linked to the development of bags under the eyes.

Can dehydration cause eye bags?

Yes. Dehydration can lead to the development of eye bags by boosting the adverse effects of sleep deprivation and excessive salt intake.

What medical condition causes bags under the eyes?

Medical conditions, such as thyroid disease, Dermatitis, and kidney disease, can lead to bags under the eyes.

What drugs cause bags under the eyes?

Several stimulants, depressants, and prescription medications are known to cause bags under the eyes.
These include Amphetamines, MDMA, Opioids, and Beta blockers.

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