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Dry Eyes: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

Gina Walters


dry eyes

Dry Eyes or Dry Eye Syndrome is a condition where one’s eyes lack moisture due to poor quality or insufficient tears. 

Tears are responsible for clear vision and a healthy eye, as they provide lubrication and nourishment.

Therefore, a lack of tears can lead to discomfort, redness, and Dry Eyes. 

Let us explore more about Dry Eyes, their causes, symptoms, treatment options, and prevention strategies that are important for healthy vision. 

What is Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry Eye Syndrome is a common problem in which the eye produces little amount of tears or the tears evaporate quickly. 

The eye condition is medically known as Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca and may lead to symptoms like itchy eyes, burning, dry skin around eyes, and more.

Dry Eyes can also damage one’s tear film and affect eye health and vision clarity.

A study states that Dry Eye can negatively impact a person’s quality of life and reduce visual function.

A person can also experience Dry Eyes after Cataract surgery, as the procedure can temporarily harm tear production and cause dryness.

Want to know more about Dry Eyes after Cataract surgery? Read: Is it Normal to Have Dry Eye After Cataract Surgery: Unveiling the Truth

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Dry Eyes symptoms

Red eye (Risk Factor)Source: Alajsdfas
Red eye (Risk Factor)

Dry Eyes are a common condition that affects almost 16.4 million people in America.

The common symptoms of Dry Eyes include:

  • Stinging or burning sensation
  • Red Eye 
  • Blurred vision
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Watery eyes
  • Stringy mucus
  • Eye fatigue

Also, serious cases of Dry Eyes can cause blindness if left untreated.

A person should look out for the Dry Eye symptoms and consult a doctor for a proper diagnosis. 

Want to explore the symptoms of Dry Eyes in detail? Read: Recognizing and Managing Dry Eye Symptoms in Depth

Dry Eye causes and risk factors

The most common causes of Dry Eyes are low tear production and a high rate of tear evaporation.

These causes can affect eye lubrication and increase one’s chances of Dry Eyes.

However, the other factors that may contribute to the main factor or cause Dry Eyes are:

  • Medicine interactions: Medicines used to treat conditions like colds, Depression, and more may cause Dry Eyes as a side effect. 
  • Medical conditions: Health issues like Diabetes, Sjögren Syndrome, and more can lead to Dry Eyes. Also, the eyes may produce fewer tears after an eye surgery.onsult a doctor and seek expert advice.
  • Environment factors: Windy, dry, smoky, and dusty environments can dry the tears faster.
  • Long screen time: Long periods of screen time with little to no break and less blinking can also cause Dry Eyes.
  • Contact lens: Improper or long-term use of contact lenses can lead to Dry Eyes.
  • Some risk factors like age and gender can also increase one’s risk of developing Dry Eyes.

Research states that Dry Eyes are more common in women than men.

Additionally, another research states that Dry Eyes are more common in people aged 50 or above. 

Explore and understand the causes of Dry Eyes in detail. Read: Common Dry Eye Causes and Effects

Improper use of contact lenses may also lead to Dry Eye Allergy and cause eye irritation.

How to prevent Dry Eyes

Prevention is normally the best approach to managing Dry Eyes, and one can reduce their eye problem risk by following simple steps.

Let us explore these strategies for preventing Dry Eyes:

  • Blink regularly: One should try to blink more often, especially while using digital devices for long periods.
  • Humidify your environment: Using a humidifier may help add moisture to the air, especially in dry or heated indoor spaces.
  • Follow a balanced diet: Some vitamins for Dry Eyes may help the eye condition. Include foods rich in vitamins A, D, C, and more to the diet to support tear quality.
  • Protect your eyes: Wear UV protection sunglasses to protect your eyes from harmful UV rays and wind.
  • Take screen breaks: A person should take regular screen breaks while working on computers or laptops.

The prevention strategies will help minimize the discomfort and inconvenience associated with Dry Eyes. 

Looking for a natural approach to help treat Dry Eyes? Read: Know the Best Home Remedies for Dry Eyes

A person should drink enough water and stay hydrated to maintain healthy tear production, as dehydration may cause Dry Eyes.

Dry Eyes treatment

eye-dropSource: Porntep-Kawjun
Woman using artificial eye drop

Eye conditions like Dry Eyes should be treated in their early stages.

The eye doctor will start by recommending different eye tests to help check the quality of the tears and how quickly one produces tears.

The doctor will then recommend the treatment options for Dry Eyes after examining the results. 

The Dry Eyes treatment options include artificial tears, Lacrimal Plugs, medicines, and surgery.

Artificial tears are the most common treatment for Dry Eye and come in the form of eye drops. 

The doctors may also recommend prescription medicines like Cyclosporine (Restasis) for serious Dry Eyes. 

The eye drops and Dry Eye medications may help the eyes produce more tears and reduce the symptoms of Dry Eyes.

The doctors may also recommend using special plugs (Punctal Plugs or Lacrimal Plugs) and surgery to help with excess tear drainage.  

The surgery and Punctal Plugs may help maintain eye tears by closing the tear drainage ducts. 

A person may also try home remedies for Dry Eyes like warm compress, blinking exercises, and more. 

However, one should always consult a doctor to discuss their eye medical history for proper treatment options. 

Want to explore the treatment options to help with Dry Eyes? Read: Effective Dry Eye Treatment: Relieve Irritation and Improve Eye Health

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Key takeaways

Dry Eye Syndrome is a common problem in which the eye produces insufficient or poor-quality tears. 

The common Dry Eyes symptoms include burning eye sensation, blurred vision, eye redness, and more.

Also, the Dry Eye causes include low tear production, high tear evaporation, medical interaction, environmental factors, and more.

Understanding and managing the symptoms and causes of Dry Eyes may help effectively treat the eye condition. 

The Dry Eyes treatment options include artificial tears, lacrimal plugs, medicines, and surgery.

One should consult an eye expert for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan. 

Frequently Asked Questions

What are Dry Eye Allergies?

Dry Eye Allergy is a condition where allergic reactions are the main cause of Dry Eyes in a person. The allergens like dust, pollen, and more can irritate the eyes and increase the risk of Dry Eye symptoms.

Are there any supplements for Dry Eyes?

The supplements for Dry Eyes include Vitamin A, D, B12, and omega-3 fatty acids. These supplements may help with Dry Eye symptoms. However, one should avoid supplements as they have limited scientific studies. Consult a doctor for proper Dry Eye treatment options.

Why do I have Dry Eyes at night?

Dry Eyes at night are a common problem caused by decreased humidity in the bedroom, increased screen time before bed, and more. 
Low tear production and lubrication while resting can lead to Dry Eye symptoms. One should use a humidifier and medicines to help with nighttime dryness.

When should I be concerned about Dry Eyes?

A person should be concerned about Dry Eyes if they experience consistent symptoms like eye burning, redness, blurred vision, or discomfort. Also, consult a doctor if your current treatment plan does not provide relief.

Why do I have Dry Eyes in the morning?

Dry Eyes in the morning are caused by nighttime dehydration, inadequate tear production, and more. One should try tips like using a humidifier, drinking water before bed, and blinking exercises to help deal with morning Dry Eye.

How long does Dry Eye last?

The duration of Dry Eye may vary from person to person, as it may be a temporary, seasonal, or chronic condition. One should get regular eye checkups to diagnose Dry Eyes and start treatment early.

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