Global warming

What Is Global Warming?

The globe is heating up. Both oceans and land are warmer now than before several years ago when the record-keeping just started (i.e., in the year 1880). The temperatures continue to rise year by year. This increase in heat is global warming, in a nutshell.

Here are certain figures, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA): Between 1880 and 1980, the global annual temperature rose at a rate of 0.13 degrees Fahrenheit per decade, on average. Since 1981, the rate of increase has accelerated, to 0.32 degrees F per decade. This has resulted in an overall 3.6 degrees F rise in global average temperature today as opposed to the preindustrial era. In 2019, the average global temperature over the ocean and land was 1.75 degrees F above the 20th-century average. It made 2019 the second hottest year on record, after 2016.

So, what’s responsible for this rising heat? It's all because of various human activities. The burning of fossil fuels liberates greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, which capture the warmth from the sun and increase surface and air temperatures.

What Are The Effects Of Global Warming?

Global warming doesn’t just imply warming; that’s the reason why “climate change” has become one of the most favored terms among investigators and policymakers. While the entire planet is becoming hotter on average, the temperature rise could have paradoxical effects, including frequent and more severe snowstorms. Global warming affects the Earth in many significant ways: by melting ice, by drying out already-arid regions, by causing weather extremes, and by disrupting the careful balance of oceans.

Tips To Reduce Global Warming

Consider the following tips and take a step towards reducing global warming:

  • Reduce, Reuse, Recycle: Do your bit of reducing waste by using reusable and recyclable products instead of disposables. For example, buy a reusable water bottle. Purchasing products with minimum packaging (including the economic strength when that makes sense for you) will help to minimize waste. And whenever you can, recycle paper, glass, plastic, aluminum cans, and newspaper. If there isn't a recycling program at your school, workplace, or in your locality, ask about initiating one. By recycling one-half of your household waste, you can save about 2,400 pounds of carbon dioxide per year.
  • Use Less Heat and Air Conditioning: Adding up insulation to your walls and attic and establishing weather stripping around doors and windows can reduce your heating expenses by nearly 15% or more by decreasing the amount of energy you require to heat and cool your home. Turn off the heat while you are sleeping at night or away during the day, and keep temperatures mild under all circumstances. Setting your thermostat about 2 degrees lesser in winter and higher in summer could save approximately 2,000 pounds of carbon dioxide per year.
  • Use Better Light Bulbs: Wherever feasible, replace the regular light bulbs with LED bulbs; they are even better than CFL (Compact Fluorescent Light). A 10-watt LED that replaces your conventional 60-watt bulb will save you $125 over the lightbulb’s life. LEDs also last several times longer than incandescent bulbs in the long run.
  • Drive Less and Drive Smart: Less driving implies fewer emissions. Apart from saving gasoline, walking and biking are excellent forms of exercise. Analyze your community mass transit system, and find out alternatives for carpooling to school or work. Even vacations can offer great opportunities to minimize your carbon footprint. When you drive, ensure that your car is running expeditiously. For instance, keeping your tires appropriately inflated can enhance your gas mileage by over 3%. Each gallon of gas you save not only aids your budget but also holds 20 pounds of carbon dioxide out of the environment.
  • Use Energy-efficient Products: The next time when you wish to buy a new car, pick one that provides good gas mileage. Household appliances now come in a wide range of energy-efficient forms. LED bulbs are configured to offer more natural-looking light while using considerably less energy than conventional light bulbs. Explore your state's energy efficiency plans; you might get some assistance. Don't buy products that come with extra packaging, particularly molded plastic and packaging that cannot be recycled. If you minimize your household waste by 10%, you can save upto 1,200 pounds of carbon dioxide per year.
  • Use Less Hot Water: Fix your water heater temperature at 120 degrees to save energy, and wrap it in an insulating blanket if it is older than five years. Purchase low-flow showerheads to preserve hot water and nearly 350 pounds of carbon dioxide annually. Wash your clothes in warm or cold water to minimize your use of hot water and the energy needed to generate it. That change alone can save about 500 pounds of carbon dioxide per year in most households. Make use of the energy-saving settings on your dishwasher and allow the dishes to air-dry.
  • Plant A Tree: When you have all the means of planting a tree, just start digging. During photosynthesis, trees and other plants take carbon dioxide and release oxygen. They are a fundamental component of the natural atmospheric exchange cycle here on Earth, although there are very few of them to entirely counteract the rise in carbon dioxide caused due to automobile manufacturing, traffic, and other human activities. Help reduce climate change: a single tree can absorb about a ton of carbon dioxide during its lifespan.
  • Use The “Off-switch”: Use only that much light that you actually require, and switch off the lights when you leave a room. Saving electricity can help reduce global warming to a great extent. Also, remember to switch off your video player, stereo, television, and computer when these devices aren't in use. It's also a great idea to turn off the water when you are not using it. While washing your car, brushing your teeth, or shampooing the dog, turn off the water until you genuinely require it for rinsing. You will save big on your water bill and help to economize an essential resource.
  • Get A Report Card From Your Service Provider: Many service providers offer free home energy audits to help people ascertain areas in their homes that may not be energy efficient. Furthermore, many service providers provide rebate programs to help pay for the expense of energy-efficient upgrades.
  • Encourage Others To Conserve Energy: You may have read various stuff on how you can reduce global warming by recycling and energy conservation. Take an initiative and spread awareness about the same with your neighbors, friends, and co-workers. 

Conclusion

These are some steps you can take towards minimizing your energy consumption and your monthly budget. Reduced energy use denotes less dependence on fossil fuels that result in greenhouse gas productions and contribute to global warming. 



Sources:

https://www.nrdc.org/

https://www.treehugger.com/

https://www.lemonade.com/

https://www.livescience.com/